September 2021 Nationwide Survey on the May 2022 Elections

Pulse Asia Research, Inc. is pleased to share with you some findings on the May 2022 Elections from the September 2021 Ulat ng Bayan national survey. We request you to assist us in informing the public by disseminating this information.

The survey fieldwork was conducted from September 6 – 11, 2021 using face-to-face interviews.

The following are only some of the key developments that took place in the weeks immediately prior to the conduct of the fieldwork for the survey as well as during the actual conduct of the interviews:

1. There was a renewal of calls for the resignation or firing of Department of Health (DOH) Secretary Francisco Duque III following the 11 August 2021 release by the Commission on Audit (COA) of its 2020 report on the DOH. The said report states that there were “various deficiencies” totaling P 67.3 billion in the DOH’s funds that adversely affected the government’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Even before the DOH could officially respond to the audit report, President Rodrigo R. Duterte seemingly cleared the DOH and DOH Secretary Duque of any wrongdoing by saying he will not accept the latter’s resignation should he offer to leave his post.

The Senate Blue Ribbon Committee embarked on a series of investigations on the COA report on the DOH’s misuse of its pandemic response budget. Among the issues discussed in these hearings were the delayed release of healthcare workers’ benefits, purchase of overpriced personal protective equipment (PPE) and COVID-19 test kits, double payment for face shields, and the unauthorized purchase of machines, among others. During the course of the Senate investigation, it was revealed that most of the government’s contracts for the provision of pandemic-related supplies were awarded to Pharmally Pharmaceutical Corporation, a company that was registered with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) only in September 2019 with a paid-up capital of P 625,000. The company ended up with P 8.7 billion worth of government contracts. Furthermore, Pharmally Director Linconn Ong revealed during the 10 September 2020 hearing that the company borrowed money from former Presidential Economic Adviser Michael Yang to fund its first transaction amounting to P 54 million. However, the latter refuted this claim as he pointed out that his only role in the transactions was to introduce Pharmally Director Ong to the Chinese suppliers from whom they procured the items they sold to the Philippine government.

Aside from looking into how Pharmally was able to win these government contracts, Senator Franklin Drilon said the company should also be investigated for potential tax fraud while the committee requested the Anti-Money Laundering Council (AMLC) to investigate the financial transactions of Pharmally as “dirty money” may have been used to its transactions with the government.

President Duterte defended Pharmally against its detractors and once again stated he will resign if it will be proven that there were irregularities in the DOH’s purchase of medical supplies. In addition, the President criticized the senators for their “malicious” investigation into the audit report and attacked the COA for releasing audit reports that lead the public to believe that government agencies and their officials are engaged in corruption. Meanwhile, Vice-President Maria Leonor G. Robredo said if President Duterte is serious about fighting corruption, he should release his statement of assets, liabilities, and net worth (SALN) and follow the COA’s recommendations on how to stamp out corruption in government. On the other hand, Ombudsman Samuel Martires, during the budget hearing for the Office of the Ombudsman on 09 September 2021, expressed support for tough penalties, perhaps even jail time of up to five (5) years, for any individual who would comment on the SALN of government officials and employees. The last time President Duterte released his SALN to the public was in 2017.

Likewise, the House of Representatives conducted its own investigation into the COA report on the DOH. During one of the hearings, DOH Secretary Duque turned emotional as he spoke about how the COA report has destroyed the morale of DOH personnel. Moreover, the latter said the DOH was not given sufficient time to address the concerns raised in the report prior to its public release. In response, COA Chairperson Michael Aguinaldo said the DOH was extended due process but the department failed to submit all the needed documents to the COA.

2. Aside from the DOH, the COA also flagged the Department of Labor and Employment (DOLE) for its “insufficient internal control measures” in relation to its disbursement of aid to workers affected by the pandemic. The COA’s 2020 report on the DOLE shows that this failure of the agency resulted in excessive payments amounting to P 1.023 million to displaced workers, unclaimed cash aid totaling P 22.432 million still in money remittance centers, and the alleged distribution of P 1.824 million in aid that, upon verification, never reached its intended beneficiaries. Furthermore, the COA’s 2020 audit report for the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) called out the department for its failure to utilize P 780.71 million allotted for cash assistance to those affected by the pandemic in Regions 2, 7, 8, and the Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR).

3. The Philippines recorded its first case of the Lambda variant of COVID-19 on 15 August 2021. The variant, first detected in Peru, is a “variant of interest” due to its mutations that have been found to be resistant to antibodies created by vaccines. Meanwhile, by the end of August 2021, the World Health Organization (WHO) pointed out that the highly transmissible Delta variant, first detected in India, is now the dominant strain in the Philippines. As of 06 September 2021, all regions in the country have Delta variant cases. And on 11 September 2021, the Philippines recorded its highest daily total COVID-19 cases at 26,303 cases, bringing the country’s total number of cases to 2,206,021, with 34,978 deaths. A day prior, President Duterte issued Proclamation No. 1218 that extends the national state of calamity due to the COVID-19 pandemic until 12 September 2022.

As the number of COVID-19 cases continue to increase, hospitals were once again swamped, with some of them being unable to accept additional COVID-19 cases or even non-life-threatening cases. Adding to the woes of the medical sector are the delayed release of the special risk allowance (SRA) and other benefits for healthcare workers, failure to compensate healthcare workers who contracted COVID-19, and the resignation of nurses particularly from private hospitals. As the country commemorated National Heroes’ Day on 30 August 2021, medical frontliners staged protest actions outside their respective hospitals to, among other things, push for the resignation of DOH Secretary Duque and call for the immediate release of benefits that were promised to them. A similar rally was held outside the main office of the DOH on 01 September 2021. Malacañang responded by assuring healthcare workers that all these benefits will be given to them, albeit with “a slight delay”.

4. In August 2021, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted emergency use authorization (EUA) for the Sinopharm vaccine donated by China as well as the single-dose Sputnik Light manufactured by Russia. The FDA also gave its approval for the use of the Moderna vaccine for those aged 12-17 years old. The National Task Force Against COVID-19 disclosed that as of 01 September 2021, around 14.1 million Filipinos have been fully vaccinated or 18.22% of the national vaccination program’s target population of 77 million.

For next year, the Duterte administration is allocating P 45.37 billion for the acquisition of COVID-19 booster shots. These funds will be part of next year’s proposed P 5.024 trillion national budget, wherein P 240.75 billion will be devoted to the government’s pandemic response. In a related development, employees and faculty members of the University of the Philippines (UP) protested the cut in the university’s proposed budget of P 36.5 billion, with Congress approving only P 20.1 billion. The UP budget includes funding for the Philippine General Hospital (PGH), one of the country’s key COVID-19 referral center, and the Philippine Genome Center, which does genome sequencing of COVID-19 variants. Even the DOH and the Research Institute for Tropical Medicine (RITM) saw their budget proposals cut by P 73.9 billion and P 170 million, respectively. This prompted Vice-President Robredo to remark that there is an apparent “disconnect” between the General Appropriations Act for 2022 and the immediate need to effectively deal with the COVID-19 pandemic. The proposed 2022 national budget was submitted to Congress on 23 August 2021 for deliberations.

5. In terms of quarantine classifications, Metro Manila and 15 other areas remained under modified enhanced community quarantine (MECQ) until 07 September 2021 based on the recommendation of the Inter-Agency Task Force of the Management of Emerging Infectious Diseases (IATF-MEID). On 06 September 2021, Malacañang announced that Metro Manila will shift to general community quarantine for the period 08-30 September 2021, with granular lockdowns being pilot tested in the area. However, the administration flip-flopped the following day as it declared that Metro Manila will instead remain under MECQ from 08-15 September 2021.

6. Presidential Spokesperson Harry Roque was under fire from various sectors after a leaked video of a 07 September 2021 pandemic task force Zoom meeting showed him castigating Dr. Maricar Limpin, president of the Philippine College of Physicians, after she pleaded for the administration to reconsider its decision to downgrade Metro Manila from GCQ to MECQ status given the rising number of COVID-19 cases in the area. The medical experts present during the meeting also recommended that places with high transmission rates be placed under enhanced community quarantine (ECQ). The Presidential Spokesperson scolded the doctors for being critical of the Duterte administration’s pandemic response. Although Presidential Spokesperson Roque said he is sorry for how he spoke to the doctors during the virtual meeting, he said he will never apologize for the message he was trying to convey to the medical experts. Following calls for his resignation after the incident, the latter said it is up to the President to remove him from his post.

7. On 08 September 2021, the faction of the Partido Demokratiko Pilipino-Lakas ng Bayan (PDP-Laban) led by Energy Secretary Alfonso Cusi officially proclaimed Senator Christopher Go and President Duterte as the party’s standard bearers for next year’s elections. While Senator Go declined his nomination, President Duterte accepted the party’s nomination and expressed hope that serving as the next Philippine vice-president will allow him to continue serving the Filipino public. Earlier, the President said he will not run for vice-president in May 2022 should his daughter, Davao City Mayor Sara Duterte, decide to run for president. Senator Go, for his part, has expressed support for a probable presidential bid in May 2022 by Davao City Mayor Duterte.[1]

President Duterte was ousted as party chair by the PDP-Laban faction led by Senator Emmanuel Pacquiao on 29 August 2021, with Senator Aquilino Pimentel III stepping in as his replacement. The Cusi-led PDP-Laban faction has filed a petition with the COMELEC asking the commission to declare the Pacquiao-led faction of the ruling party as illegal.

The tandem of Senator Panfilo Lacson for president and Senate President Vicente Sotto III for vice-president also launched their campaign for the May 2022 elections on the same day. The long-time allies said they are running for the top elective posts in the country in order “to cleanse the government and restore public trust”.

8. The Commission on Elections (COMELEC) decided not to move the deadline for voter registration despite calls from different sectors to extend the deadline for a month from the original deadline of 30 September 2021 to 30 October 2021. COMELEC Spokesperson James Jimenez said such an extension would adversely affect the scheduled preparatory activities for the May 2022 elections. Likewise, the COMELEC rejected calls to allow the filing of certificate of candidacy (COC) through mail, electronic mail, telegram, or facsimile given the COVID-19 situation in the country. In its 18 August 2021 resolution, the COMELEC stated that the COC can only be filed by the candidate in person or through his/her authorized representative. In a bid to avoid another controversy in the party-list elections such as the case of the Duterte Youth in the May 2019 elections, the COMELEC also adopted stricter rules governing the nomination, withdrawal, and substation of party-list nominees in next year’s polls.

9. Two (2) weather disturbances hit the country during the survey period. Tropical Storm Jolina made its first landfall in Hernani, Eastern Samar on 07 September 2021. It made several other landfalls before exiting the Philippine Area of Responsibility (PAR) on 09 September 2021. Government data indicate that the tropical storm left 20 individuals dead, 33 injured, and 4 missing as well as caused estimated damages to infrastructure and agriculture amounting to P 63.7 million and P 1.35 billion, respectively. Typhoon Kiko followed soon after as it made landfall in Ivana, Batanes on 11 September 2021. Batanes Governor Marilou Cayco estimated that Typhoon Kiko caused damages amounting to P 358.88 million. The Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) allotted P 486.6 million to assist those affected by Tropical Storm Jolina and Typhoon Kiko.

10. On 30 August 2021, the United States (US) completed its withdrawal from Afghanistan, bringing to an end its 20-year military presence in the country. The following day, the Taliban celebrated the country’s “independence” as it claimed victory over the US and declared Afghanistan as a “free and sovereign nation”. On 15 August 2021, the Philippine Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA) called for a mandatory evacuation of all Filipinos in Afghanistan following the collapse of the Afghan government and the takeover of Taliban forces.

This nationwide survey is based on a sample of 2,400 representative adults 18 years old and above. It has a ± 2% error margin at the 95% confidence level. Subnational estimates for each of the geographic areas covered in the survey (i.e., Metro Manila, the rest of Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao) have a ± 4% error margin, also at 95% confidence level. Those interested in further technical details may refer to our website (

Pulse Asia Research’s pool of academic fellows takes full responsibility for the design and conduct of the survey, as well as for analyses it makes based on the survey data. In keeping with our academic nature, no religious, political, economic, or partisan group influenced any of these processes. Pulse Asia Research undertakes Ulat ng Bayan surveys on its own without any party singularly commissioning the research effort.

For any clarification or questions, kindly contact Ana Maria Tabunda, Research Director of Pulse Asia Research at 09189436816 or Ronald D. Holmes, Pulse Asia Research President via Viber or Telegram at +639189335497 or at (via email).


[1] On 19 September 2021, Senator Emmanuel Pacquiao accepted the nomination of the other faction of PDP-Laban to be its presidential candidate in May 2022. By this time, all survey interviews have already been completed.

With 20% of Filipino adults expressing support for a probable presidential bid by Davao City Mayor Sara Duterte, she emerges as the leading presidentiable as of September 2021; four (4) possible presidential bets share the top spot in terms of second-choice voter preferences

If the May 2022 elections took place during the survey period, Davao City Mayor Sara Duterte would score a plurality win with the backing of 20% of the country’s adult population. The latter is followed by three (3) personalities who register essentially the same voter preferences – former Senator Ferdinand Marcos, Jr. (15%), Manila Mayor Francisco Domagoso (13%), and Senator Emmanuel Pacquiao (12%). Another group of possible candidates for president share 3rd place – Senator Grace Poe (9%), Vice-President Maria Leonor G. Robredo (8%), and Senator Panfilo Lacson (6%). The lowest levels of support are recorded by Taguig City-Pateros Representative Alan Peter Cayetano (4%), Senator Christopher Go (3%), ex-Senator Antonio Trillanes IV (1%), former Akbayan Party List Representative Walden Bello (0.1%), and former Department of National Defense (DND) Secretary Gilbert Teodoro. The rest of Filipino adults do not favor any presidential candidate (4%), are still ambivalent about their choice for president in the next elections (3%), or refuse to name their preferred presidential bet (1%). (Please refer to Table 1.)

Almost half of Mindanawons (47%) express support for Davao City Mayor Duterte while a little over a quarter of Metro Manilans (28%) back former Senator Marcos. In the rest of Luzon, the lead is shared by the latter (20%) and Manila Mayor Domagoso (16%). However, nearly the same percentage of the area’s adult residents express indecision/refusal/non-support in relation to their first choice for president (13%). Among Visayans, the top presidential bets are Davao City Mayor Duterte (23%), Senator Pacquiao (21%), and Manila Mayor Domagoso (15%).

In the best-off Class ABC, practically the same voter preferences are scored by seven (7) possible presidential candidates – Manila Mayor Domagoso (20%), former Senator Marcos (18%), Davao City Mayor Duterte (16%), Senator Poe (12%), Vice-President Robredo (8%), Senator Lacson (8%), and Senator Pacquiao (7%). Additionally, 9% of those in Class ABC are ambivalent about their presidential choice/refuse to name their preferred candidate for the post/are not inclined to vote for anyone as president. Meanwhile, those in Class D are most likely to vote for either Davao City Mayor Duterte (20%) or former Senator Marcos (16%) and those in Class E are most supportive of Davao City Mayor Duterte (25%) and Senator Pacquiao (20%).

Filipinos are split when it comes to their second choice for president. Should their original presidential candidate decide not to run in May 2022, about the same percentages would instead for vote Senator Poe (14%), former Senator Marcos (14%), Manila Mayor Domagoso (13%), or Davao City Mayor Duterte (11%). Sharing 2nd place in terms of second-choice voter preferences are Senator Go (9%), Senator Pacquiao (9%), Vice-President Robredo (8%), Senator Lacson (8%), and Taguig City-Pateros Representative Cayetano (5%). The lowest figures are recorded by former Senator Trillanes (2%), former DND Secretary Teodoro (1%), and former Akbayan Party List Representative Bello (0.01%). While 5% of Filipinos do not have an alternative presidential candidate, 1% are ambivalent on the matter of whom to vote for if their first choice for the post does not run next year. (Please refer to Table 2.) 

Public sentiment regarding second-choice presidential voter preference varies across geographic areas and socio-economic classes. Metro Manilans are most likely to pick Manila Mayor Domagoso (19%), former Senator Marcos (16%), Davao City Mayor Duterte (15%), or Senator Lacson (11%) as their alternative presidential bet. In the rest of Luzon, the top spot is shared by eight (8) presidentiables – Senator Poe (15%), Manila Mayor Domagoso (13%), former Senator Marcos (12%), Senator Lacson (10%), Vice-President Robredo (9%), Davao City Mayor Duterte (8%), Senator Pacquiao (7%), and Taguig City-Pateros Representative Cayetano (7%). In addition, 11% of those in the rest of Luzon are ambivalent regarding their second choice for president/refuse to name their alternative presidential candidate. Meanwhile, in the Visayas, the leading alternative candidates for president are Senator Poe (20%), former Senator Marcos (14%), Senator Pacquiao (14%), Manila Mayor Domagoso (13%), and Vice-President Robredo (13%). Almost a quarter of Mindanawons (24%) would shift their support to Senator Go should their first choice for president withdraw from the elections.

With the exception of former DND Secretary Teodoro and former Akbayan Party List Representative Bello, the other individuals included in the presidential probe register basically the same second-choice voter preferences in Class ABC ranging from 4% for ex-Senator Trillanes to 17% for Manila Mayor Domagoso. Moreover, indecision/non-support are sentiments shared by 5% of those belonging to the best-off socio-economic grouping. In Class D, the highest figures are posted by Senator Poe (14%), ex-Senator Marcos (13%), Manila Mayor Domagoso (12%), Davao City Mayor Duterte (11%), Senator Go (10%), and Senator Pacquiao (10%). And in Class E, eight (8) individuals enjoy essentially the same levels of support – former Senator Marcos (15%), Senator Poe (13%), Manila Mayor Domagoso (13%), Davao City Mayor Duterte (12%), Senator Pacquiao (12%) Vice-President Robredo (11%), Senator Lacson (10%), and Senator Go (8%).

Senate President Vicente Sotto III enjoys the highest first-choice vice-presidential voter preference while four (4) possible candidates for the post register virtually the same second-choice figures

A quarter of Filipino adults (25%) would elect Senate President Vicente Sotto III as the country’s next vice-president if the May 2022 elections were held during the survey period. President Rodrigo R. Duterte (14%), Manila Mayor Domagoso (12%), and former Senator Marcos (12%) occupy 2nd spot. The other possible candidates included in the vice-presidential probe each record first-choice voter preferences of at most 7% – Senator Pacquiao (7%), Senator Go (7%), Taguig City-Pateros Representative Cayetano (6%), Mr. Willie Revillame (4%), former Senator Trillanes (2%), Senator Juan Edgardo Angara (2%), Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH) Secretary Mark Villar (2%), Atty. Jose Manuel Diokno (1%), and former DND Secretary Teodoro (0.5%). The rest of Filipino adults do not know whom they would vote for as vice-president (2%), are not supportive of any vice-presidential bet (2%), or refuse to identify their choice for vice-president (1%). (Please refer to Table 3.)

Senate President Sotto is the top choice for vice-president in Metro Manila (30%), the rest of Luzon (29%), the Visayas (27%), Class D (25%), and Class E (26%) while President Duterte is the leading candidate in Mindanao (30%). Those in Class ABC are most supportive of Senate President Sotto (20%), President Duterte (15%), Manila Mayor Domagoso (15%), former Senator Marcos (13%), Taguig City-Pateros Representative Cayetano (12%), and Senator Go (7%). Also in Class ABC, 7% are undecided about their first choice for vice-president/refuse to name their original vice-presidential bet/are not inclined to vote for any candidate for the post.

With regard to second-choice voting figures, the highest ones are enjoyed by Senate President Sotto (15%), former Senator Marcos (12%), Senator Go (11%), and Manila Mayor Domagoso (11%). Behind the leaders is a group of four (4) other probable vice-presidential bets – Taguig City-Pateros Representative Cayetano (10%), Senator Pacquiao (9%), President Duterte (6%), and Mr. Revillame (6%). The lowest second-choice voter preferences are registered by DPWH Secretary Villar (4%), former Senator Trillanes (4%), Senator Angara (2%), ex-DND Secretary Teodoro (1%), and Atty. Diokno (0.5%). On the other hand, 5% of Filipino adults do not have an alternative vice-presidential candidate and 2% do not know whom they would vote for if their original candidate for the post does not run in May 2022. (Please refer to Table 4.)

Should their original candidate for vice-president not run next year, Metro Manilans are most likely to instead vote for former Senator Marcos (18%), Senate President Sotto (16%), Manila Mayor Domagoso (15%), or Taguig City-Pateros Representative Cayetano (12%). The highest second-choice voter preferences in the rest of Luzon are recorded by Senate President Sotto (18%), Manila Mayor Domagoso (11%), and ex-Senator Marcos (10%). Additionally, 13% of those in the rest of Luzon are undecided about their alternative vice-presidential bet/are not likely to support any second-choice candidate for the post. Meanwhile, Visayans are most likely to pick the following as their alternative candidate for vice-president – Senate President Sotto (15%), Senator Pacquiao (13%), Manila Mayor Domagoso (12%), former Senator Marcos (11%), Taguig City-Pateros Representative Cayetano (9%), DPWH Secretary Villar (8%), and Senator Go (7%). And in Mindanao, the leading second-choice candidates are Senator Go (18%), former Senator Marcos (14%), President Duterte (12%), Senate President Sotto (11%), and Senator Pacquiao (11%).

Nine (9) possible vice-presidential bets obtain nearly the same second-choice voter preferences in Classes ABC and E – Senate President Sotto (18% and 14%, respectively), ex-Senator Marcos (14% and 13%, respectively), Senator Go (14% and 12%, respectively), Manila Mayor Domagoso (8% and 14%, respectively), DPWH Secretary Villar (8% and 6%, respectively), Taguig City-Pateros Representative Cayetano (6% and 8%, respectively), Senator Pacquiao (6% and 7%, respectively), President Duterte (5% and 9%, respectively), and Mr. Revillame (5% and 6%, respectively). It may also be noted that 7% of those in Class ABC are ambivalent about their second pick for vice-president/are not inclined to vote for any other candidate if their original choice for the post withdraws from next year’s elections. As for those belonging to Class D, they are most inclined to choose Senate President Sotto (15%), former Senator Marcos (12%), or Manila Mayor Domagoso (11%) as their alternative vice-presidential bet.

Most Filipino adults (60%) already have a complete senatorial slate for the May 2022 elections; 15 out of the 53 individuals included in the senatorial electoral probe have a statistical chance of winning, with Mr. Raffy Tulfo (55.2%) and Taguig City-Pateros Representative Alan Peter Cayetano (53.6%) sharing the top spot

With about eight months to go before the May 2022 national elections, most Filipino adults (60%) are already expressing support for 12 possible candidates for senator (i.e., out of a maximum of 12 senators to be elected next year). Majorities in Metro Manila (55%), the Visayas (87%), Mindanao (90%), Class D (59%), and Class E (74%) have a complete slate for the May 2022 senatorial race. Electoral support for a complete slate is more pronounced in the Visayas and Mindanao (87% to 90%) than Metro Manila and the rest of Luzon (36% to 55%) as well as in the poorest socio-economic class than the better-off ones (74% in Class E versus 50% to 59% in Classes ABC and D). In September 2021, Filipino adults are naming a mean of 10 and a median of 12 of their preferred candidates for the Senate. Mean figures vary from 8 to 12 across geographic areas and socio-economic classes while median figures range from 8 to 12 in the same subgroupings. (Please refer to Table 5.)

Of the 53 individuals whose senatorial chances are probed in the present survey, 15 have a statistical chance of winning, with most of them being former or incumbent members of Congress. Sharing 1st to 2nd places are Mr. Raffy Tulfo (55.2%) and Taguig City-Pateros Representative Cayetano (53.6%). They are the only possible senatorial candidates who enjoy a majority voter preference. Sorsogon Governor Francis Escudero (47.9% and Antique Representative Loren Legarda (47.2%) occupy 3rd to 4th places while Manila Mayor Domagoso (42.3%) and Senator Pacquiao (42.2%) find themselves in 5th to 8th places. Completing the first half of probable senatorial winners are Senator Lacson (40.5%) and former Senator Marcos (40.2%) who have a statistical ranking of 5th to 9th places. (Please refer to Table 6.)

The second half is composed of Mr. Revillame (36.6%, 7th to 10th places), DPWH Secretary Villar (36.2%, 9th to 10th places), former Vice-President Jejomar Binay (29.5%, 11th to 15th places), former Senator Jinggoy Estrada (29.4%, 11th to 15th places), former Senator Paolo Benigno Aquino IV (28.3%, 11th to 18th places), Senator Juan Miguel Zubiri (28.3%, 11th to 18th places), and Senator Francis Pangilinan (26.8%, 11th to 19th places). Meanwhile, the rest of Filipino adults are not inclined to vote for any senatorial candidate (2.1%), are still ambivalent about whom to vote for as senator in May 2022 (1.0%), or refuse to identify their preferred candidates for the Senate (0.7%).

UB September Technical Details